There is quite a difference in appearance between a Boxer with a docked tail and one with a natural tail.
The debate regarding docking a Boxer's tail is side by side with ear cropping. Look to our Ears - To Crop or Not
to see which countries allow this and which deem it illegal.
Usually, if an owner decides to crop the ears, they will also have the Boxer's tail docked. Docking is the process of having a certain percentage of a Boxer puppy or dog's natural tail removed. This is done to produce a short tail that stands erect.
Mr. Riley | Photo courtesy of owners: Tom and Tori McDonald
What Exactly is Docking
What happens when a Boxer's tail is docked? Docking (or bobbing as it is sometimes called) is a process in which the Boxer's natural long tail is cut to produce a small tail that stands erect.
This is illegal in many countries; however the United States is one country in which this is legal. (more ahead)
Docking is done 1 of 2 ways. Both methods have created quite an uproar from animal rights activists; though many people argue it must be done to preserve breed build and conformation and that without docking dogs would not carry 'good tails' thus limiting the potential pool for breeding.
Billy the Boxer | Photo courtesy of owners: James and Joanna Murphy
The first method is to cut off the blood flow in the tail with the use of a special rubber band, put on so tightly that the blood cannot reach the end of the tail; thus causing it to eventually fall off.
The second method is via surgery in which the tail is cut. Although this is technically a "surgery" in which a portion of the tail is cut off, anesthesia is not given when this is customarily done at the approximate age of 3 days old.
It is believed that the puppy feels this amputation, since most puppies let out a very loud yelp, however they seem to recover quite quickly.
Why Do People Dock Boxer Tails?
Long ago, it was thought to prevent rabies and increase the dog's running speed; however this has been proven false. With this said, docking has also been done for centuries to prevent damage to the tail. There are no specific records that show why this train of thought was applied to some breeds and not to others.
At this point, with docking being done for so many generations, those in favor of this argue that if docking were to suddenly stop, the Boxer breed would not carry 'good tails' (tails would too heavy to sit correctly, the dog's balance would be off, etc.)...
The deliberation between those who favor it and those who are against it goes on to say that within a short amount of time the only breeding pool available would be dogs with 'bad' tails that could not produce viable offspring. Of course, all of this is debatable and the Boxer breed is as strong as ever in countries where this is illegal.
Putting health and breeding issues aside, some simply believe that a Boxer should have cropped ears and a docked tail to have the "Boxer look".
Consensus among those who do choose docking, dictates that the dog looks stronger, more powerful and more intimidating with the cropped and docked appearance.
Those who have a dog with a natural tail or those who have a litter of newborns
and choose to forgo this procedure should feel just fine about that decision...many owners have dogs with the tails that nature gave them.
In regard to dog show requirements, the debate is still on. Some clubs do not give an advantage to a docked dog and others state that docking is expected for a Boxer to conform to requirements.
When is Docking Done?
Many Boxer breeders will have a puppy docked very early, within a week of being born. Since a dog is not sold or given to a new owner until the age of at least 8 weeks, many owners do not see the docking process or the healing process. Although this may make some cringe, if a Boxer puppy
under 14 weeks old is to have their tail docked, it is usually done without anesthesia.
In states where it is legal, an owner may have their Boxer's tail docked at any age; however the older a dog is the longer amount of time is needed for recovery. In addition, a dog that is quite used to having their tail may have a difficult time adjusting to what may seem to them as an amputated part of their body.
Legality and Banning
The laws of docking tails are a bit complicated, with countries changing their laws quite a bit. Also, some countries view both ear cropping and tail docking the same; others will allow one but not the other.
Though it is illegal in many countries, it is not uncommon for Boxer puppies to be docked at any rate.
You may be wondering about what the fine or punishment is for docking a Boxer's tail in countries in which it is illegal. Punishment ranges from fines to imprisonment.
For example, in Australia the maximum penalty for a person convicted of this offense is $5,000 ($4882 USD) or imprisonment for 6 months or both. If a corporation is found guilty, the fine rises to $27,500 ($24,411 USD).
It should be noted that in many countries, it is the tail docking itself that is banned and it is not unlawful to purchase a puppy with a docked tail.
Countries that allow tail docking and it is considered legal include:
Canada - federal law permits this however it is banned in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
France (but ear cropping is banned)
Countries that do NOT allow tail docking and it is considered illegal include:
Denmark (except for 5 specific gun dog breeds- the Boxer is not included)
England - banned except for certified working dogs
Germany - banned except for working guns dogs (the Boxer breed is not in this group)
Wales - banned except for some working breeds that must be docked by a veterinarian