Pseudomonas Ear Infections
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a very rare type of bacteria and it is resistant to almost every antibiotic. When a dog has reoccurring infections, most likely every antibiotic has been tried. When this happens, most of the bacteria is killed off, but not all. What remains is a strain that is extremely resistant.
When the culture of the dog’s ear discharge is done, this will show if it is indeed Pseudomonas. This will also show if this strain is still vulnerable to the antibiotics Enrofloxacin or Orbifloxacin.
One of these two types of antibiotics should be given, in very high doses. Small doses would just make the bacteria more resistant. In addition, a topical treatment will be given as well to use at home.
Still No Relief?
If nothing can be determined as to the cause of the reoccurring dog ear infections and medication is not working, the next step would be for an experienced veterinarian to surgically open the vertical canal. The ear is then easily and completely cleaned out and treated.
Consistent ear infections can cause a dog's ear canal to become scarred. In some cases, this scarring can become so severe that the canal becomes almost closed. In these cases, a surgical procedure called an Ablation is the final option and only done in the most severe health cases with dogs for which no cause can be determined and medication just does not help.
In this procedure, the entire ear canal of the dog is removed. Healthy tissue then regrows. This is not performed by a general veterinarian; a specialist will do this and costs can run quite high.
Prognosis is quite good; the majority of dogs then go on to have zero ear infections for the rest of their lives.
Prevention and Proper Care at Home
Proper grooming in regard to the your dog’s ears will make a big difference. Dogs with a medical history of ear problems do much better with correct home care.
- Remove excess hair - Hair stops the natural flow of air into the dog’s ear canal. Excess hair should be plucked out with tweezers.
- Flushing - Once any excess hair is removed, the ears should be flushed and cleaned. This can be done with solution given to you by your dog’s veterinarian or over the counter dog cleaner products. After doing this, carefully and gently massage the base of your dog’s ears to help move the solution in and around the folds inside the ear. This solution will not only clean, but will dry the canal and help keep the pH balanced properly.
This should be done 1 time per week and any time after your dog has a bath or swims in water.