There are quite a few different skin conditions and diseases that can affect the Boxer breed. We will discuss the most frequently seen skin problems with the Boxer dog. We will also talk about good care of the skin and steps that you can take at home to keep both the skin and coat of the Boxer dog in good, healthy condition.
First, let’s look at a list of the top skin problems and conditions that a Boxer can develop:
1. Demodex – This is a skin mite infection, also referred to as mange. There are several types of mange, and we will discuss all of them below.
2. A type of tumor that is a benign fatty tumor on the skin. This is also referred to as hot spots. The medical name for this is histiocytoma.
3. Allergic reaction in which the main symptoms is an eruption of a rash. This can range from minor to quite severe. This is sometimes localized, yet for some Boxer dogs, this can be a full body rash.
4. Seasonal Flank Alopecia. “Alopecia” simply means hair loss and as the other words imply, this usually strikes once per year (most often in the springtime during the winter shed) and hair loss is seen on the flanks (sides) of the Boxer dog.
5. Acne - Common to this breed, it can appear any where but is often seen on the chin and surrounding area. Read more: Boxer Dog Acne
Now, let’s look into these Boxer skin problems with more detail.
Red Mange, Demodectic Mange, Generalized Demodex or Demodicosis
This is a serious Boxer skin condition that can affect all dog breeds; the Boxer breed is one of many dog breeds who are prone to this. It is also known as Generalized Demodex. Demodicosis or Demodectic Mange.
The Demodex mite lives on all dogs and cannot be detected by the human eye. Normally,
dogs are not affected by this microscopic parasite. However, if a Boxer dog’s immune system is
weak, these mites will cause Red Mange.
What can make a Boxer dog have a weakened immune system? Stress or a
In most cases, the dog’s body will fight off the attack. In 10% of the cases, a Boxer dog will not be
able to fight the mite’s attach and Red Mange will set in.
90% of the time, the dog will simply have the localized form of this. The
only symptoms will be:
10% of the time, when a Boxer dog has a high allergic reaction to the mites,
the dog’s skin condition will worsen.
This is called Generalized Demodex. Demodicosis , Demodectic Mange or
Red Mange and this is the serious form.
The symptoms will be:
The best prevention is for Boxer owners to have their dog’s spayed or neutered,
if not planning on breeding. The mites
are always passed from mother to puppy.
Because the symptoms of this can look a lot like an allergic reaction on a
dog’s skin, it is important for testing to be done to determine if it is indeed
Demodectic Mange. If you think that your dog may have allergies which are
causing skin irritation, it is vitally important for a vet to rule out Red
A veterinarian must perform a skin scraping.
This must then be looked at under a microscope. If this is detected, the vet will give a diagnosis
of either Juvenile onset (if your dog is under 2 years old) or Adult onset (if
your dog is over 2 years old).
In the 90% of cases where this is just the localized form, it may clear up almost spontaneously. However, it is always recommended to bathe your Boxer with antibacterial dog shampoo and apply a soothing lotion to the dog’s skin. Skin scrapings must be done every other week to make sure that the condition has not progressed into the Generalized Demodicosis (Demodectic Mange or Red Mange)
Treatment for Red Mange / Demodectic Mange for a Boxer dog will include:
Keep in mind that most dogs do recover from this canine skin disease, although an owner must be patient as this does take